In women, excess tissue in the cervix and uterus and progressing with abnormal cell divisions is called myoma. Fibroids are pathologies that can reach sizes from a few millimeters to a centimeter, the cause of which cannot be clearly explained. Fibroids can be explained by the out-of-control division orders in stem cells. There are many environmental and genetic factors affecting this.

For patients who suspect that they have fibroids, “What is fibroids and how is it treated?” We have prepared this article in response to your questions.

What is myoma?

Fibroids are masses that occur especially in the premenopausal period and are formed by abnormal divisions in the muscle and connective tissue in the uterus. The incidence of uterine fibroids in fertile women is 20%. These masses are classified as benign tumors. Very rarely, they may show a tendency to become cancerous. Myomas that become cancerous at a rate of 0.1% can be diagnosed early with regular follow-up. Fibroids that form in the uterus or on the cervix require control and follow-up when they reach a size larger than 9 cm. Fibroids larger than 9-10 cm can be considered as dangerous fibroid sizes because of the risk of sarcoma. The physician determines the frequency of control according to the risk or treatment of the condition.

What Are the Symptoms of Myoma?

While fibroids give different symptoms in each patient, they may tend to grow silently and reach a risk level in some patients. General complaints in patients who apply for uterine myoma symptoms are as follows:

  • Intermenstrual bleeding
  • Pain and cramps in the legs and back
  • Feeling of pressure in the abdomen due to large fibroids
  • Extremely painful menstrual periods
  • Anemia due to bleeding fibroids
  • Bowel problems and difficult defecation due to pressure
  • pain during sexual intercourse
  • Abnormal bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Feeling of not being able to fully relax after urinating
  • infertility
  • Low

Myoma Treatment

Patients should act quickly to be examined by a specialist gynecologist when they observe signs of uterine fibroids as mentioned above. In patients who apply to physicians, examinations are performed for a definitive diagnosis. Fibroids are usually of hormonal origin. Therefore, a blood test is requested first. For a definitive diagnosis, ultrasound and MR images are examined. When a definitive diagnosis is made with tests and imaging methods, the appropriate treatment is planned by the physician.

Different treatment procedures are applied for fibroids. Stopping the growth of small-sized formations is the first aim of treatment. The patient is given hormonal drugs to prevent cell division. Surgical procedures are applied for the treatment of large and risky fibroids. Surgical treatment can be done in 3 ways: open surgery, closed surgery or hysteroscopic surgery.

Mersin Myoma Surgery

Myoma surgeries are comfortable surgeries with a high success rate. In open surgery, the uterine fibroids are removed with a small cesarean section incision. For smaller fibroids, surgery is performed with 2-3 punctures opened from the abdomen with closed surgery. In the hysteroscopic method, the operation is performed by entering the cervix without making any incisions.

It is recommended to consult a specialist gynecologist for myoma surgeries, which have a comfortable recovery and treatment process for patients and ease of application for physicians.